Biography of Zimbalist Efrem:
Efrem Zimbalist (1889-1985) was best-known as one of the great violinists of the first half of the 20th-century. He was born in the southwestern Russian city of Rostov-on-the-Don. His father was a conductor, and Efrem entered the Saint Petersburg Conservatory where he studied under Leopold Auer. Following his graduation in 1907 he appeared in Berlin and London and in the USA in 1911, where he settled some years later. In 1928 Zimbalist began teaching at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, continuing to appear publicly until his eventual retirement from the concert platform in 1955. His compositions include a violin concerto and his best-known orchestral work, the American Rhapsody, premiered in Chicago in 1936, but revised in 1943 when this version, which Stokowski conducts, was first heard in Philadelphia. His son, Efrem Zimbalist jr, became a famous film and television actor.