Biography of Böhm Karl:
Karl Böhm, born in 1894 in Graz (Austria), establishing himself well in the stereo era. Böhm had first started studying law at Graz University (even obtaining his doctorate), but then changed to music at the Conservatoires in Vienna and Graz. He was engaged at the Munich State Opera (from 1921), Darmstadt and Hamburg before succeeding Fritz Busch as music director of the Dresden Opera House in 1933. In March 1935 he conducted the Berlin Philharmonic for the first time. In 1943 Böhm returned to Austria in order to become music director of
the Vienna State Opera. After a two-year denazification ban, Böhm’s career soon prospered again, especially in Germany and Austria, Böhm returning as music director to the Vienna
Opera House for 1955-6. In 1957 he made his conducting debut at the New York Metropolitan Opera, where he conducted more than 260 performances. He conducted at the Bayreuth Festival from 1962 to 1971 and became a guest conductor to the London Symphony Orchestra in 1973.